Here we report on the prevalence of anti-Leishmania sp. In dogs, the apparent prevalence was 8. Management of the domestic dog population with evaluation of incidence changes in humans and wildlife, and enlightenment on the role of wild reservoirs are essential issues for future action and research. Environmental changes influencing this transmission can be of natural or anthropogenic origin, including human activities expansion, habitat fragmentation, reforestation, climate warming and pollution, and the emergence of diseases also involve biodiversity loss and increasing emergence and incidence of zoonosis Patz et al. Leishmaniasis is a zoo-anthroponosis in many areas of South and Central Americas Silva et al.
However, its proclivity towards roosting in large numbers in relatively few roosts makes it especially vulnerable to human disturbance and habitat destruction. Documented declines at some roosts are cause for concern. It is considered a Species of Special Concern due to declining populations and limited distribution in Utah. Description The Brazilian Free-tailed Bat is a medium-sized bat with broad ears, large feet, and the end of its tail free. They have short, velvety, reddish to black-colored fur. Life History Dozens to millions of Brazilian Free-tailed Bats roost closely together in dark, dry retreats.
See also: List of birds of Brazil Brazil ranks third on the list of countries, behind Colombia and Peru , with the most number of distinct bird species, having identified species,  including over 70 species of parrots alone. It has endemic birds. There are also species of penguins that have been found in Brazil.