The appearance of its person delegation marked its fifteenth appearance at the Olympic games, and its tenth appearance at the Summer Olympic games. Of those, John Jackson and Tabarie Henry progressed to a post-preliminary event, and Henry reached semifinals in his own. There were no Virgin Islander medalists at the Beijing Olympics. After , the team carried 15 athletes or less.
British Virgin Islands at the 2008 Summer Olympics
The dependency's participation at Beijing marked its seventh consecutive appearance in the summer Olympics since its debut in , and its eighth Olympic appearance ever. The British Virgin Islander delegation included two athletes in participating in two distinct events in one sport: discus thrower Eric Matthias and sprinter Tahesia Harrigan. Of the athletes, Harrigan was the flagbearer and the first female Olympian to participate on behalf of the British Virgin Islands in its entire history.